blak’ list n., v., list– ed, – list– ing
a list of persons who are under suspicion, disfavor,or censure,
or who are not to be hired, served, or otherwise accepted.
—Random House Webster’s Dictionary—
According to the experts, the start of the cold war with the Soviet Union began in July 1947 when Stalin refused to accept the Marshall Plan for the Soviet Union. Although Soviet—American tensions had been mounting ever since the Bolshevik Revolution, they were briefly relaxed during the alliance to defeat Nazi Germany. By the spring of 1947 the euphoria created by the allied victories was waning. Meanwhile the Soviet Union continued its free and unabated domination of a tattered Europe. Marxist principles appeared to be gaining a foothold in much of the world. It appeared to some Americans that the terrible sacrifices by so many during the war years had been in vain. Read more
The year is 1948. The American economy is booming. The farmers are prospering. Abundance overall is greater than at anytime in the nation’s history. The net working capital of American corporations is at a new high of nearly $64 billion. For the steel, oil, and automobile industries, 1948 is a banner year. Unemployment is below 4 percent. Nearly everyone who wants a job has one, and though inflation continues, people are earning more actual buying power than ever before, and all of this following the record year of 1947, which, Fortune magazine reported had been the greatest productive record in the peacetime history of this or any other nation”. In the summer of 1948 London played host to the first Olympic Games since those held in Berlin in 1936. American athletes, Bob Mathais, Harrison Dillard, Melvin Patton-swept the track and field events, winning thirty-eight medals. American prosperity, it seemed was endless. It was a time of extraordinary technical and scientific achievement. A 200-inch telescope, the world’s largest, was unveiled at Mount Palomar, California. Test pilot Chuck Yeager, flying a revolutionary rocket-plane, the Bell X-1, broke the sound barrier. In 1948 the transistor was developed. A new antibiotic, Aureomycin and Cortisone to treat rheumatoid arthritis, were developed. A new kind of fuel, liquid hydrogen, promised, its inventor claimed, to “send men to the moon.” Read more